What is the full meaning of url in computer?

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is a fundamental term in computer science that refers to the web address used to locate and access resources on the internet. The term URL is typically associated with websites, but it can also be used to identify other resources such as images, videos, or documents.

What is the full meaning of URL in computer?

The full meaning of URL in computer is Uniform Resource Locator.

URLs are made up of multiple parts, allowing users to access specific resources online. Let’s break down the various components of a URL:



The protocol is the set of rules and procedures for communication between computer systems. Common protocols used in URLs include HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and HTTPS (Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol).

Domain Name:

The domain name is the human-readable name of a website. For example, in the URL “https://www.example.com,” “example.com” is the domain name.


A subdomain is a subdivision of a larger domain. It is placed before the main domain name and represents a specific area or section of a website. For instance, in “https://blog.example.com,” “blog” is the subdomain.

Top-Level Domain (TLD):

The TLD is the last part of the domain name, representing the website’s category or country. Common TLDs include .com, .org, .net, and .edu.


The path refers to the specific location of a resource on a server. It helps to navigate within a website and access different pages or directories. For instance, in “https://www.example.com/blog/post,” “/blog/post” is the path.

Query Parameters:

Query parameters allow passing additional information to the server. They usually come after a question mark (?) in a URL and are used for filters, search terms, or dynamic content generation.

Fragment Identifier:

The fragment identifier, also known as the anchor, represents a specific portion or section within a web page. It is denoted by a hash symbol (#) followed by an identifying name or ID.

URLs are essential in web browsing, allowing users to navigate across different websites and access specific resources. They are entered into the browser’s address bar or hyperlinked within a webpage to establish connections to a desired destination.

FAQs about URLs:

1. What is the purpose of a URL?

URLs are used to identify and locate resources on the internet, including websites, images, videos, and documents.

2. Are URLs case-sensitive?

In most cases, URLs are case-insensitive, meaning uppercase and lowercase letters are considered equal. However, this may vary depending on the server’s configuration.

3. Can URLs contain spaces?

URLs cannot contain spaces. Instead, spaces are replaced by special characters, such as “%20” or by using URL encoding.

4. What is the difference between HTTP and HTTPS in a URL?

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is a standard protocol for transmitting web pages, whereas HTTPS (Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol) encrypts the data sent between the server and the browser, providing a secure connection.

5. Can a URL contain special characters?

Special characters in URLs need to be encoded using percent-encoding. For example, the character ‘#’ is encoded as ‘%23’.

6. Are URLs permanent?

URLs can change over time due to website updates, restructuring, or resource deletions. It is important to update or redirect URLs to maintain access to desired resources.

7. Can URLs be used to access files on a local computer?

Typically, URLs are used to access resources on the internet, not local files on a computer. However, file URLs can be used to access files stored on the local system or network.

8. Can URLs be bookmarked?

Yes, URLs can be bookmarked to save specific web pages for easy access later. Bookmarks allow users to revisit their favorite websites without having to remember the URL.

9. Do URLs always start with “www”?

No, URLs do not always start with “www.” While it is a common convention, website owners can choose any desired subdomain or omit it altogether.

10. How long can URLs be?

Although there is no specific limit on URL length, different web browsers and servers may have their own restrictions. It is generally recommended to keep URLs concise and descriptive.

11. Can URLs be used to access resources other than websites?

Yes, URLs can be used to access various resources besides websites, such as images, videos, audio files, documents, and more.

12. Can URLs be recognized by search engines?

Search engines analyze and index URLs to understand the structure and content of web pages. Optimized URLs can enhance a website’s visibility in search engine results.

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