How to create macOS recovery usb?

If you encounter any issues with your macOS device, having a recovery USB can be a lifesaver. It allows you to troubleshoot and restore your system quickly. In this article, we will guide you through the process of creating a macOS recovery USB.

Why Do You Need a macOS Recovery USB?

Before we delve into the process, let’s understand why creating a macOS recovery USB is essential. Having a recovery USB enables you to:

1. **Recover Your System:** If your macOS encounters critical errors or fails to start, a recovery USB can help restore your system.

2. **Reinstall macOS:** With a recovery USB, you can reinstall macOS on your device effortlessly and without an internet connection.

3. **Perform Disk Repairs:** By utilizing recovery utilities available on the USB, you can fix issues with your disk and improve overall performance.

Now, let’s dive into the steps to create a macOS recovery USB.

Steps to Create a macOS Recovery USB

1. Verify Your Compatibility: Ensure that your macOS device is compatible with the version of macOS you want to create a recovery USB for.

2. Prepare a USB Drive: Insert a USB drive with a capacity of at least 12GB. Format it using Disk Utility and give it a suitable name.

3. Download macOS: Launch the App Store and search for the latest macOS version compatible with your device. Download the installer.

4. Create the Recovery USB: Once the installer is downloaded, an installer window will open automatically. Close this window.

5. Open Terminal: Head to the Applications folder, then Utilities, and open Terminal.

6. Enter the Command: In the Terminal window, type the following command: sudo /Applications/Install macOS [version].app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/[USB drive name], replacing ‘[version]’ with the name of the macOS installer and ‘[USB drive name]’ with the name you assigned to the USB drive. Press Enter.

7. Authenticate Your Action: Terminal will request administrator privileges. Enter your administrator password and press Enter.

8. Confirm Erasing the USB: Terminal will display a warning about erasing the USB drive. Type ‘Y’ to confirm and press Enter.

9. Wait for the Process to Complete: The creation process may take some time. Do not disconnect the USB or close the Terminal window until the process is finished.

10. Eject the USB: After the process is complete, Terminal will display “Install media now available.” Eject the USB drive safely.

11. Test the Recovery USB: Restart your macOS device and hold down the Option key while it boots up. Select the recovery USB from the list of available devices.

12. Utilize Recovery Utilities: Once booted into the recovery environment, you can access various utilities to troubleshoot, repair disk errors, reinstall macOS, or restore from a Time Machine backup.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can I create a macOS recovery USB on a Windows PC?

No, the process of creating a macOS recovery USB can only be done on a macOS device.

2. Can I use a USB drive with a capacity less than 12GB?

No, it is recommended to use a USB drive with a capacity of at least 12GB to ensure sufficient space for the macOS installer.

3. Do I need an internet connection to create a recovery USB?

You need an internet connection to download the macOS installer, but creating the recovery USB does not require an internet connection.

4. Can I use an external hard drive instead of a USB drive?

Yes, you can use an external hard drive as long as it is formatted correctly and has enough space.

5. Can I use the recovery USB to install macOS on multiple devices?

Yes, you can use the recovery USB on multiple devices as long as they are compatible with the macOS version on the USB.

6. Can I create a recovery USB for an older macOS version?

Yes, you can create a recovery USB for older macOS versions as long as the installer is available in the App Store.

7. Does creating a recovery USB erase any data on my device?

No, creating a recovery USB does not erase any data on your device.

8. Can I update the macOS version on the recovery USB?

No, the recovery USB contains the version of macOS at the time of creation. You can update it later using software update features.

9. Can I create a recovery USB for a beta version of macOS?

It is not advisable to create a recovery USB for beta versions of macOS, as they may contain bugs and stability issues.

10. Can I use a recovery USB without a Time Machine backup?

Yes, a recovery USB can be used for various troubleshooting and repair purposes, even without a Time Machine backup.

11. How often should I update my recovery USB?

It is recommended to update your recovery USB whenever a new version of macOS is released to ensure compatibility and access to the latest features.

12. Can I download older versions of macOS from the App Store?

No, the App Store only provides the latest version of macOS available. Older versions may be available from Apple’s support website or other trusted sources.

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